Typically, men and women national leaders did equally when you look at the Model step 1 and you may Design dos

I lead this new EF scale towards the empirical take to in the Design 3 to first present the known inverse matchmaking anywhere between EF and you will GDP progress

Results detailing significant correlations and interactions are revealed across the four models presented in Table 4 (details on the empirical methodology are provided in the appendix). First, we found consistent baseline results that replicate the predicted economic development argument, which suggests that GDP grows at a higher rate in countries with higher investments in infrastructure, human capital and strong rule of law (Model 1). However, our main curiosity is whether the gender of the national leader matters in comparatively diverse countries. We replicated this significant finding (p<0.001) found in previous cross-national comparative studies, which demonstrates that EF is a negative correlate of GDP growth.

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